A Beginner’s Guide to Cannabis Cultivation
Part I: Preparing Soil, Lighting, and Picking Your Strain
Now, with the huge development of marijuana legalization and medical status in so many states in the USA, as well as some countries around the world embracing cannabis legality in one form or another, it’s really not dangerous to just grow one plant in your home.
Many people who are curious about the growing process of cannabis are not willing to make the commitment of having a huge garden, but are desiring to be a part of the cultivation process. What better way than by growing just one reefer plant.
Here’s a little guidance for a complete beginner on how they should begin preparing to grow one plant just for fun!
Choosing Your Strain:
There are plenty of easy strains to grow, but choosing the right one for your first growing venture is completely a personal choice.
Do you prefer Sativa or Indica? Indicas tend to be easier for first time growers and they make the perfect bud for nighttime relaxation, reducing stress and being able to fall asleep at night. You can choose a strain such as Afghan, which grows wonderfully indoors and is quite resistant to various stressful factors that can arise while cultivating marijuana.
Another great strain is Casey Jones, a Sativa strain with immense flavor, resistance to stress, and uplifting effects.
Obviously you don’t only need to stick to just these two strains as there are many more easy cultivation strains on the market. You can purchase seeds online, from friends, or to speed up the growing process, purchase a clone. Clones can be more expensive and sometimes a little challenging to find, but it allows your ganja to be grown and ready much quicker, without the pains of starting a seedling.
Preparing Your Soil:
With cannabis soil, it is important to ensure that the plants have enough oxygen and that their roots have enough room to grow so you don’t end up with root-lock. As your crop grows larger, it is important to transplant it into a larger pot, to leave plenty of room for the roots to grow.
Choose a healthy full-bodied soil, but more importantly find nutritious soil boosters to add to the plant. There are many organic boosters on the market, but we have heard of growers using Bat Guano, compost teas or even fish guts to fertilize and bring nutrients to their weed crops.
It’s All About the Lighting:
Cannabis grows based off of light cycle, which is why is grows particularly well outdoors during certain months when the light conditions are ideal, as well as temperature and weather. When indoor growing, it’s important to choose a light that best fits your budget, as well as the needs of the bud. Lights can get fairly expensive, but you can find a lamp for just one plant that is affordable and good enough quality to let your reefer thrive!
The best method is to place your plant near by a sunlit window, if the climate you live in allows for enough sunlight during some months. The Summer time is the best for this process. Then, using a simple fluorescent bulb (CFL’s, T5’s, T8’s), you can supplement the extra light needed to keep the bud lit up even when the sun goes down.
If you live in an area where you don’t have enough sunlight, it will be a bit more expensive to grow under a bulb. You can use a 250-watt HID light in a dark and enclosed area, but the fixtures for these can become expensive, so they are more of an investment. In order to grow and flourish properly, your ganja plants needs between 18-20 hours of light, when in a young phase of life. Once your plant has developed more and is getting bigger (past a seedling stage), you can reduce the light to 12 hour light, 12 hour dark cycles. Be extremely careful during the dark process and make sure that absolutely NO LIGHT leaks into the enclosed area where your plant is located. This could confuse the plant and cause it to become hermaphrodite or produce no yield/low yield.
Enjoy the beautiful process of growing ganja, nature’s magic plant!
In Part II WayofLeaf will describe cannabis curing, harvesting, trimming and the end of the growing process. It is also important to remember that growing and consuming marijuana still does contain some risk, and it is important for the user/cultivator to use their own discretion when handling or using marijuana.
For more interesting articles on medical marijuana visit the WayofLeaf blog